妇女的力量与社会翻转 The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community
妇女的力量与社会翻转 The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community妇女的力量与社会翻转 The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community妇女的力量与社会翻转 The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community

婦女的力量與社會翻轉
The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community

$ 43.00

規格 SPECIFICATIONS //
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184 x 130 mm,191頁/pages
黑白打印  B/W digital print
無線膠裝 perfect bound

語言 LANGUAGE  //  中文  Simplified Chinese
出版社 PUBLISHER  //  副本製作 Fuben (廣州 Guangzhou)
出版日期 PUBLICATION DATE  //  2017年

按需打印  /  unlimited print-on-demand

產品介紹 Commodity Description

如今半個世紀過去,家務勞動已經伴隨著全球化的浪潮迅速商品化。發展中國家和地區向發達國家和地區,輸出了大量的以婦女為主的勞動力從事再生產勞動。家務勞動以商品化的方式實現了「有償」。
而當一個全職的家庭主婦已經變成了中上階層的特權,絕大多數婦女需要外出打工,面臨工作與家務勞動的雙重負擔。同時,在中國從事照顧性勞動的婦女群體也發生了變化。很大一部分再生產/照顧性勞動轉嫁到了退休老人、留守老人的身上。人口老齡化的背景下,母職變得愈發神聖化、崇高化。二胎開放後,職業婦女被期待生育更多的孩子。撫育下一代勞動力的代價依然要求這些婦女一並承擔。
「家務勞動有償化」這個曾經廣泛地動員了歐美婦女的號召,似乎不再能讓今天的中國婦女感同身受。但是在這場運動中發揮中心作用的馬克思主義女權分析並沒有過時。只要關於男女的性別勞動分工還沒有打破,只要社會再生產的代價依然由個人家庭以及家庭中的婦女(無論是老一輩婦女,還是雇來的家政工)承擔,家務勞動依然會是當代女權運動需要面對的重要維度。(吳碧蓮)

 

In line with the wave of globalisation in the last half-century, housework has already become commodified. The development of Chinese regions and households are relative to that of developed nations, where enormous quantities of the female labour force are output as reproductive labour. Commodification has become household labour’s form of ‘wage’.

Along with the transition to middle and upper-class, the majority of full-time housewives leave their homes to join the workforce only faced with the double responsibility of both wage work and household labour. At the same time, in China this has sparked a shift in the social group engaged in care labour. Much reproductive and care-based labour is now undertaken by grandparents and retired seniors. Under the climate of an aging population, mothering has become an ever more admirable position. After the dissolution of the one-child policy, working women are expected to have more children, pressuring females to continue nurturing the next generation of productive workers.

Though the Wages for Housework campaign once mobilised European and American women, it seems that it may no longer spark the sympathies of today’s Chinese women. The Marxist feminist analysis at the core of the movement is however still very much valid. As long as gender-based divisions of labour are still in play and as long as reproductive labour in society is still primarily taken up in the home by women (whether mothers, senior women or hired domestic labourers), the question of household labour will continue to be a crucial issue for the contemporary feminist movement.  (WU Bilian)

English version of this influential pamphlet can be downloaded for free at libcom.org.

 

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瑪利亞羅莎·達拉·科斯特(Mariarosa Dalla COSTA),1943年生,意大利20世紀女權主義運動的重要人物,《婦女與社會翻轉》的作者。
謝爾瑪·詹姆斯(Selma JAMES),1930年生,美國20世紀女權主義運動的重要人物,《婦女的位置》的作者。
兩人同是國際運動『家務有償化』(Wages for Housework)的發起人,後來,也發起和參與多種社會運動。
Mariarosa Dalla COSTA (born 1943 in Treviso) is an Italian autonomist feminist and co-founder of the International Feminist Collective, an organisation formed in Padua in 1972 to promote political debate and action around the issue of housework that gave rise to the International Wages for Housework Campaign.
Selma JAMES (born 1930 in Brooklyn, NY) is co-founder of the International Wages for Housework Campaign and in addition to co-author of The Power of Women and the Subversion of the Community, has also authored Sex, Race & Class: the Perspective of Winning. Since 2000, she has served as international coordinator of Global Women’s Strike, a network of grassroots women bringing together actions and initiatives in many countries.

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